Most risks are the result of an unhealthy environment or equipment. Your provider should always wear gloves and use new gauze, sponges, and towels to clean your skin. During the procedure, the abrasive crystals are driven against the skin under the control of a manual suction system. The crystals cause a gentle mechanical abrasion on the skin, which ultimately removes the stratum corneum layer of the epidermis.
As part of the wound healing process, a new epidermis is formed with improved cosmetics. The technique is considered safe for all Fitzpatrick skin types and complications are minimal. In addition to the aesthetic benefits of MDA, studies have also demonstrated improved skin permeability and better administration of transdermal medications administered to an area of skin treated with MDA. Microdermabrasion can be performed by several types of professionals in the outpatient setting, including beauticians, physician assistants, and nurses.
While MDA is a relatively benign procedure with minimal complications, all providers should be trained on the proper technique, benefits, and risks of the procedure. A medical history, including allergies, should be documented before starting the procedure. Appropriate expectations should be established and patients should be informed that several treatments may be needed to achieve the desired results. Because some patients may have petechiae and redness immediately after the procedure, treatments should be avoided for at least two weeks before major life events occur (e.g., patients should be advised to wear sunscreen when outdoors for at least one week after the procedure).
For people with skin conditions not susceptible to MDA, referral to a dermatologist is warranted. A quality microdermabrasion machine is potentially a good investment with few consumables and expenses. Crystalline microdermabrasion works by using superfine crystals to peel the skin surface with a microdermabrasion device. The cost of microdermabrasion can vary depending on a variety of circumstances, such as the experience and qualifications of the doctor, the type of microdermabrasion used, the time and effort of the procedure, and the state in which the clinic is located.